All Posts   Posted:   November 2, 2017 by Nicole Forbes - education

FOR FRESH COLOR:

Pot-up and store tulips and daffodils to force into early bloom indoors in December and January.

Plant paperwhites and amaryllis; you’ll see flowers opening in 4-6 weeks for paperwhites, 6-8 for amaryllis; for an extended bloom time continue to pot them up about every 2 weeks while supplies last.

There’s still time to plant spring flowering bulbs in the ground but don’t wait too long!

Get pansies & violas planted soon so they can develop enough roots to make it through the winter. Add ornamental cabbage/kale or grasses & coral bells for evergreen accents.

FOR THE LAWN & LANDSCAPE:

Cooler weather and plentiful rain make this ideal planting time for trees and shrubs. Evaluate your garden’s need for evergreens or plants with winter interest. Cruise through garden centers for ideas and inspiration. Continue to plant and transplant until the end of this month.

Keep controlling the slug population with traps or baits; Sluggo is all natural and safe to use around edibles, pets and kids.

Trim chrysanthemums to 4-6 inches tall after they finish blooming; hardy varieties will return in the spring. Once spring growth resumes pinch mums back by about 1/3 every 2-3 weeks until around the 4th of July; this causes the plant to branch with many flower buds that will open late summer or fall.

Allow ornamental grasses to stay up for the winter to add texture to your garden as well as food and shelter for birds and wildlife; trim them back in early spring before new growth begins.

Protect tender evergreens and new plantings from drying wind by spraying an anti-transpirant product like Moisture Loc.

FOR THE EDIBLE GARDEN:

Harvest fall turnips, lettuce & spinach; mulch garden after a hard frost. Plant garlic & shallot bulbs now for late summer harvest. Use Malibu Compost and starter fertilizer with bone meal

Plant blueberries, cane berries, and fruit trees this month to take advantage of cool, rainy weather. Amend soil with compost to improve drainage if planting in heavy clay.

Be ready with cold frames& frost protection cloths; protect tender greens and fall crops from heavy freezes.

It is the last chance this season to plant cover crops for soil building. You can also use a 3- to 4-inch layer of leaves, spread over the garden plot, to eliminate winter weeds, suppress early spring weeds and prevent soil compaction by rain.

Treat peaches four weeks after leaf fall spray for peach leaf curl and shot hole diseases. Use Bonide Copper Fungicide

 

IN THE GARDEN SHED:

Treat mossy roofs during dry spells with Lily Miller Moss Out for Roofs & Walkways.

Mossy lawns may need improved drainage, possibly an application of lime (do a pH test to confirm). Lilly Miller Moss Out can control existing moss on roofs, walkways and lawns. If major drainage improvements are needed call our landscape department to talk with someone from the water management team.

Clean and oil your lawnmower, service as needed. Clean and sharpen tools before storing for winter. Drain and store hoses before freezing temperatures arrive.

Burn off those extra Thanksgiving calories by mulching your garden beds after a frost. We love to use Black Forest Compost as our mulch of choice. Make sure not to pile mulch too close to the stem, trunk or crown of plants.

Call the landscape department to arrange for fall clean-up services and/or winterization work at 503.777.7777.

BASIC PRUNING LIST:

Autumn (September to mid-December)

Thin

  • shrubs and trees as needed (any other pruning may result in new growth that won’t harden off before winter)

Remove

  • any dead branches from trees and shrubs as needed
  • branches that may be damaged or cause damage from winter wind or snow/ice

Cut Roses to waist or chest high to reduce winter damage from wind and snow/ice

FOR FUN:

Create a holiday centerpiece or Thanksgiving table arrangement by cutting things from the garden. Look for colorful berries and seed heads, leaves with vibrant fall color, and stems of greens to add texture and bulk to the arrangement. Beautyberry and fall-blooming camellias are two favorites!

Visit the Portland Japanese Garden &/or Hoyt Arboretum to see blazing fall colors and get ideas for future plantings.

FOR FRESH COLOR:

Pot-up and store tulips and daffodils to force into early bloom indoors in December and January.

Plant paperwhites and amaryllis; you’ll see flowers opening in 4-6 weeks for paperwhites, 6-8 for amaryllis; for an extended bloom time continue to pot them up about every 2 weeks while supplies last.

There’s still time to plant spring flowering bulbs in the ground but don’t wait too long!

Get pansies & violas planted soon so they can develop enough roots to make it through the winter. Add ornamental cabbage/kale or grasses & coral bells for evergreen accents.

FOR THE LAWN & LANDSCAPE:

Cooler weather and plentiful rain make this ideal planting time for trees and shrubs. Evaluate your garden’s need for evergreens or plants with winter interest. Cruise through garden centers for ideas and inspiration. Continue to plant and transplant until the end of this month.

Keep controlling the slug population with traps or baits; Sluggo is all natural and safe to use around edibles, pets and kids.

Trim chrysanthemums to 4-6 inches tall after they finish blooming; hardy varieties will return in the spring. Once spring growth resumes pinch mums back by about 1/3 every 2-3 weeks until around the 4th of July; this causes the plant to branch with many flower buds that will open late summer or fall.

Allow ornamental grasses to stay up for the winter to add texture to your garden as well as food and shelter for birds and wildlife; trim them back in early spring before new growth begins.

Protect tender evergreens and new plantings from drying wind by spraying an anti-transpirant product like Moisture Loc.

FOR THE EDIBLE GARDEN:

Harvest fall turnips, lettuce & spinach; mulch garden after a hard frost. Plant garlic & shallot bulbs now for late summer harvest. Use Malibu Compost and starter fertilizer with bone meal

Plant blueberries, cane berries, and fruit trees this month to take advantage of cool, rainy weather. Amend soil with compost to improve drainage if planting in heavy clay.

Be ready with cold frames& frost protection cloths; protect tender greens and fall crops from heavy freezes.

It is the last chance this season to plant cover crops for soil building. You can also use a 3- to 4-inch layer of leaves, spread over the garden plot, to eliminate winter weeds, suppress early spring weeds and prevent soil compaction by rain.

Treat peaches four weeks after leaf fall spray for peach leaf curl and shot hole diseases. Use Bonide Copper Fungicide

 

IN THE GARDEN SHED:

Treat mossy roofs during dry spells with Lily Miller Moss Out for Roofs & Walkways.

Mossy lawns may need improved drainage, possibly an application of lime (do a pH test to confirm). Lilly Miller Moss Out can control existing moss on roofs, walkways and lawns. If major drainage improvements are needed call our landscape department to talk with someone from the water management team.

Clean and oil your lawnmower, service as needed. Clean and sharpen tools before storing for winter. Drain and store hoses before freezing temperatures arrive.

Burn off those extra Thanksgiving calories by mulching your garden beds after a frost. We love to use Black Forest Compost as our mulch of choice. Make sure not to pile mulch too close to the stem, trunk or crown of plants.

Call the landscape department to arrange for fall clean-up services and/or winterization work at 503.777.7777.

BASIC PRUNING LIST:

Autumn (September to mid-December)

Thin

  • shrubs and trees as needed (any other pruning may result in new growth that won’t harden off before winter)

Remove

  • any dead branches from trees and shrubs as needed
  • branches that may be damaged or cause damage from winter wind or snow/ice

Cut Roses to waist or chest high to reduce winter damage from wind and snow/ice

FOR FUN:

Create a holiday centerpiece or Thanksgiving table arrangement by cutting things from the garden. Look for colorful berries and seed heads, leaves with vibrant fall color, and stems of greens to add texture and bulk to the arrangement. Beautyberry and fall-blooming camellias are two favorites!

Visit the Portland Japanese Garden &/or Hoyt Arboretum to see blazing fall colors and get ideas for future plantings.